Impact of potential US withdrawal on Syria, Iraq, and the Resurgence of ISIS


The Middle East finds itself at a critical juncture, marked by escalating tensions and shifting dynamics that have profound implications on regional stability. It is true that the war started in Gaza, but it has since spread to Lebanon, Syria, Iraq and the Red Sea.

Central to these developments is the growing chorus in Iraq demanding the withdrawal of US troops, a sentiment underscored by the increasing targeting of American forces in Syria and Iraq.

Such heightened risks on the ground portend significant ramifications, particularly as the current US administration exhibits a reluctance to involve itself in expanded conflicts that could potentially spiral into direct confrontation with Iran.

The prospect of a US troop withdrawal from Iraq and Syria looms large, its implications far-reaching and multifaceted. While such a move may alleviate immediate security concerns for US personnel, it also raises serious questions about the resurgence of Daesh, whose recent gains in Syria and Iraq signal a renewed threat to regional stability.

The parallels drawn between Daesh resurgence and its current foothold in Pakistan and Afghanistan underscore the urgent need for sustained vigilance and strategic foresight in addressing the evolving security landscape.

Compounding these concerns is the precarious situation facing Kurdish forces, whose vulnerability to external pressures and internal divisions threatens to exacerbate existing tensions and sow further chaos in Syria. The weakening of Kurdish defences, coupled with the targeting of their positions by various actors, not only undermines efforts to contain Daesh, but also underscores the broader geopolitical complexities at play in the region.

In Yemen, the shift from defensive to offensive strategies against Houthi rebels has, yet, to yield tangible results, highlighting the limitations of traditional military approaches in resolving entrenched conflicts, and the possibility of reviving terrorist groups like Al Qaeda in Yemen and Somalia.

So far, diplomatic efforts aimed at brokering a lasting peace have faltered, underscoring the need for innovative and multifaceted approaches that address the root causes of the conflict while targeting the Houthi infrastructure through targeted intelligence operations.

Amidst these challenges, the US finds itself navigating a delicate balancing act, seeking to avoid open warfare while simultaneously confronting escalating tensions across multiple fronts. The interconnected nature of these conflicts underscores the need for a nuanced and multifaceted approach that addresses underlying grievances and promotes inclusive dialogue and cooperation among regional stakeholders. 

Despite efforts to broker a regional peace deal involving key players, such as Israel and Saudi Arabia, the complexities of the situation in Gaza pose formidable obstacles to progress.

While ending the conflict in Gaza is a laudable objective, it is unlikely to serve as a panacea for broader regional instability, as evidenced by the persistent escalation of tensions across various fronts.

In Israel, the prospect of replacing prime minister Benjamin Netanyahu with a more flexible leader holds promise but also presents formidable political challenges, given the entrenched interests and security concerns at play.

Moreover, the prolonged crisis has exposed deep-seated issues that defy easy solutions, demanding a clear-eyed assessment of the risks and opportunities inherent in any proposed course of action.

Ultimately, the risk of Daesh resurgence looms large, necessitating a careful evaluation of US troop presence in Syria and Iraq. In the absence of a concerted and sustained effort by the Global Coalition against Daesh, the feasibility of maintaining US troops in harm's way becomes increasingly untenable, highlighting the imperative of recalibrating US strategy to prioritise airstrikes and other targeted measures aimed at degrading Daesh capabilities while mitigating the risk of broader regional escalation.

Dr. Amer Al Sabaileh